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Myalgia (muscular pain): types, causes, symptoms and treatment

Overview:
Myalgia is usually known as muscle pain and it is not a disease or a disorder but rather a symptom signifying an existing underlying condition.
The pain in the muscle can range from mild to excruciating and can linger for a few days or even longer. It can affect almost any part of the body including the neck, hands, legs and back.
The muscles are soft tissues containing protein fibers that create contraction to change both the length and shape of the cell. The muscle is responsible for creating force and motion to allow human movement. It is also composed of three types of tissue known as the skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle and smooth muscle that act either as voluntary or involuntary. Both the cardiac and the smooth muscle as considered involuntary while the skeletal muscle is considered voluntary.

Types:  
Myalgia composed of several types which define the part of the body that is being affected and the number of muscles that are involved in the process of pain including the cause of pain.
1-Epidemic myalgia:
This is a type of muscular pain which is also known as Bornholm disease. Muscle pain is caused by a viral infection and affects the upper part of the abdomen and lower chest. The pain is convulsive and develops suddenly. The pain gets worse with each movement and deep breathing causing respiratory distress to the injured individual.
2-Fibromyalgia:
It is known as a widespread muscular pain (Myalgia) that usually involves joints, muscles and ligaments. Pain can be seen on both sides of the body and is described as dull and persistent pain. This form of muscle pain is often exacerbated by the pressure applied to the damaged site while this model is usually associated with insomnia, osteoporosis, lupus, irritable bowel movements and headaches.
3-Trapezius myalgia:
Muscular trapezoidal pain is muscular pain involving the neck muscle and is triggered by a problem with trapezoidal muscles.. This Pain is described as long-term and is particularly reactive to stressful situations and repetitive tasks. This form of muscular pain is more common in women who work longer hours in front of the computer.
4-Polymyalgia rheumatic:
Polymyalgia rheumatica is a type of muscular pain that involves several muscles which known as an anti-inflammatory disorder that usually affects older people and rarely occurs in individual below the age of 50 years and the Pain is often associated with stiffness and inflammation and occurs in the neck muscle, shoulders, upper arms, hips and buttocks.

Symptoms:
Myalgia has numerous symptoms as the symptoms also depend on the area that is being affected involve:
-Pain that is often severe is the most prominent among the symptoms of myalgia.
-Acute case of myalgia can severely incapacitate an affected individual.
-Chronic condition of muscular pain is marked by pain and stiffness after periods of inactivity and pain usually relieved after a reasonable exercise.
-Myalgia affects the cervical manifests with the head weight accompanied by occipital headache. 
- Muscular cervical pain can also appear with impaired vision and problems with swallowing and facial numbness may also be experienced.
- Difficult breathing and breathing may also be experienced with chest involvement in muscular pain.
-Irregular heartbeat is also experienced when muscular pain involves the heart and also the possibility of cardiac arrest
.-Tenderness of the affected area may also be observed.
Other symptoms may include:
* Nausea and vomiting.
*Onset of fever.
*Anxiety and depression.
*Stiffness.
*Vertigo.
*Numbness and tingling sensation in the arms or other parts of the body.

Causes:
The most common cause of muscular pain is stress or stress that results from injury or excessive use of injured muscles. Muscular pain that has evolved from this issue is usually local and can involve one or multiple muscle.
Myalgia can also develop due to some diseases include:
1-Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disorder marked by extreme fatigue and includes muscle pain as one of the 8 official symptoms of the disorder.
2-Chronic exertional compartment syndrome is a syndrome that causes nerve and muscle pain induced by an exertion of exercise.
3-Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome: or Hyperhidrosis-Muscle pain is a rare autoimmune disease that causes pain, inflammation of the skin, nerves, lungs, heart, blood vessels and muscles.

Diagnosis:
Myalgia is a symptom rather than a condition that direct diagnosis is not recommended but the medical history is taken in the first step of diagnosing .

Treatment:
The goal of treating muscular pain (Myalgia) is by relieving the pain to provide relief and comfort to the patient.
-Muscle pain can be alleviated with natural remedies and can be treated at home.
-Sufficient comfort is needed to help reduce inflammation that causes muscle pain.
Cold or warm application can reduce inflammation and relax muscles and thus relieve muscle pain.
-Gentle massage can relax the muscle and reduce the pain and it can also help in reducing the muscle inflammation.
-Over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen.

Myalgia (muscular pain): types, causes, symptoms and treatment Reviewed by Tpdsm on September 09, 2017 Rating: 5

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