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Heterophyiasis: Heterophyes heterophyes infection

Overview:
Heterophyiasis is a parasite infection form The trematode Heterophyes heterophyes, a minute intestinal fluke which is called Fish tape worm ( intestinal flukes).
It transport through snail called prienlla conica in water, and then is transport into some types of fish as boulty and bory . when human eats fish, becomes infected with lophocircus circaria ( the infective stage of parasite).

Geographic Distribution in the world:
Egypt, the Middle East, Far East and Africa.

Habitat:
Small intestine of man, dog , cat & fox

Symptoms:
Presence of the flukes in human intestine causes diarrhea, colicky abdominal pain , intestinal mucosa inflammation, most of patients are asymptomatic .
Migration of the eggs to the heart ,Result in potentially fatal myocardial and valvular damage.
Migration of the eggs to other organs (e.g., brain) has also been reported.

Diagnosis:
By microscopic examination of stool, we find embryonated eggs (yellowish oval eggs containing mature miracidium)
Treatment:
Praziquantel : 25mg/kg twice for one day& Niclosamide

Prevention:
Proper disposal of human sewage.
Proper cooking and salting fish for many days.
Not to eat undercooked fish.

Heterophyiasis: Heterophyes heterophyes infection Reviewed by Tpdsm on September 20, 2017 Rating: 5

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