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Diabetes type II in which the body gradually becomes resistant to insulin.




Overview:
Diabetes type II is a progressive condition in which the body gradually becomes resistant to the ordinary effects of insulin
and/or gradually loses its function to produce enough insulin by the pancreas.
Diabetes type II Represents around 85–90 % of all cases of diabetes.
It Usually develops in adults whose age over 45 years ,but it’s increasingly occurring in, children, adolescents and young adults.
In another article, we have talked about diabetes type I.

Causes:
The causes of diabetes type 2 are unknown. Some people think that the reasons of  Type 2 diabetes may be associated with modifiable lifestyle risk factors. It also are very related to genetic state and  family risk factors.
The woman who has given birth to a child over 4.5 kgs (9 lbs) is liable to diabetes. Or the women who has gestational diabetes while pregnant, or had a condition known as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.
the risk of diabetes is greatly increased if people display a number of modifiable lifestyle factors such as:
1- They suffer from  high blood pressure.
2- They are overweight or have obesity.
3- They do insufficient physical activity.
4- They have poor diet.
We observe the symptoms of diabetes type II in the following cases:
1- If the pancreas does not produce enough insulin.
2- The insulin produced does not work effectively.
3- The cells of the body are resistant to insulin , thus the cells do not respond to insulin effectively.

Symptoms:
Symptoms include:
- Always feeling hungry.
- Feeling dizzy.
- Being excessively thirsty.
- Passing more urine.
- Blurred vision.
- Mood swings.
- Feeling tired and lethargic.
- Leg cramps.
- Having cuts that heal slowly.
- Itching, skin infections.
- Gradually putting on weight.
For some people the first sign of diabetes type II may be a complication such as a heart attack, vision problems or a foot ulcer.

Complications:
Diabetes type 2 develops over a long period of time ( It may be years). During this period , the cells gradually become resistant to insulin, thus the insulin produced becomes ineffective to the body cells and doesn’t reduce glucose level. As a result, the pancreas responds by producing large amounts of insulin, to try to achieve management of the blood glucose levels.
Overproduction of insulin over a very long period of time leads to damage of the  insulin producing cells in the pancreas , as they wear themselves out as a result , the diabetic person lose about  lost 50 – 70% of their insulin producing cells.

Treatment:
Diabetic persons need oral medications, insulin tablets and/or insulin injections to regulate blood glucose level in addition to following  regular physical activity, following healthy eating diet and reduce weight. Type 2 diabetes needs to be managed effectively to prevent complications.

Diabetes type II in which the body gradually becomes resistant to insulin. Reviewed by Tpdsm on September 29, 2017 Rating: 5

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