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Varicose Veins; causes, symptoms and treatment.

Overview:
Varicose veins is a symbol that refers to swollen, twisted, and sometimes painful veins that have filled with an abnormal collection of blood .
It happens occasionally in the lower limb due to effect of gravity
Causes:
In normal veins, valves in the vein keep blood moving forward toward the heart. In case of varicose veins, The valves do not perform its function properly and allow  blood to Accumulate in the vein .this accumulation in the vein causes it to enlarge and this occur often in the veins of the legs  .
Causes include:
·        Defective valves from birth (congenitally defective valves).
·        Pregnancy.
·        Thrombophlebitis.
·        Standing for a long time may develop varicose veins  and having increased pressure in the abdomen make the condition worse.
·        Primary varicose veins occur because of the congenitally defective of  valves, or even for unknown cause.
·        Secondary varicose veins  happen for another condition as a pregnancy
Symptoms:
·        heaviness, aching and  pain in the legs.
·        Visible, enlarged veins.
·        Mild swelling of ankles.
·        Brown and discoloration and Skin ulcers near the ankle of the skin.
Exams and Tests:
·        The diagnosis is mainly depend on the appearance of the leg veins when you are standing with the legs dangling.
·        Duplex ultrasound exam is applied to see blood flow in the veins, and to rule out other disorders of the legs (such as a blood clot). Rarely, an angiogram of the legs may be performed to rule out other disorders.
Treatment:
Treatment is usually conservative. You should avoid standing for long time, raise your legs when resting or sleeping, and wear elastic support hose.
You may need surgery or non surgical treatment for:
·        Leg pain, often patient Feels as his leg is heavy or tired.
·        Sores which caused by poor blood flow through the veins.
·        Improving the appearance of the legs.
·        Lipodermatosclerosis - fatty tissue under skin that hardens over time.                         
Other treatments do not involve surgery as:
·        Sclerotherapy.
·        Laser ablation.
·        Radiofrequency ablation
 Prevention:
You are at risk of developing varicose veins if there is  family history indicates so you should take care and  avoid prolonged standing

Varicose Veins; causes, symptoms and treatment. Reviewed by Tpdsm on August 11, 2017 Rating: 5

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