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tonsillitis (swollen tonsils): symptoms, causes and treatment



Overview:
Tonsillitis is the  inflammation (swelling) of the tonsils due to infection in tonsils. It's  extremely common, particularly in children.

 Causes:
The tonsils are lymph nodes found in the back of the mouth and top of the throat. They normally help to filter out bacteria and other microorganisms to prevent infection in the body.
 They may become attacked by bacterial or viral infection that they swell and become inflamed, causing tonsillitis. The infection may also be present in the throat and surrounding areas, causing inflammation of the pharynx. Which is in the back of the throat, between the tonsils and the larynx.  
Symptoms:
·        Difficulty swallowing.
·        Ear pain.
·        Fever, chills.
·        Headache.
·        Sore throat - lasts longer than 48 hours and may be severe.
·        Tenderness of the jaw and throat.
·        Voice changes, loss of voice.
 Exams and Tests:
The health care provider will look in the mouth and throat for swollen tonsils. The tonsils are usually reddened and may have white spots on them. The lymph nodes in the jaw and neck may be swollen and tender to the touch.
 Tests that may be done include:
·        Rapid strep test.
·        Throat swab culture.
  Treatment:
If the cause of the tonsillitis is bacteria such as strep, antibiotics are given to cure the infection. The antibiotics may be given once as a shot, or taken for 10 days by mouth.
 If antibiotic pills are used, they must be taken for the entire amount of time prescribed by the doctor. Never stop taking them since  the discomfort stops, or the infection would not be cured.
 Rest to allow the body to heal. Fluids, especially warm (not hot), bland fluids or very cold fluids may soothe the throat. Gargle with warm salt water or suck on lozenges to reduce pain.
 Over-the-counter medications, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen may be used to reduce pain and fever. Do NOT give a child aspirin. Aspirin has been linked to Reye syndrome.

tonsillitis (swollen tonsils): symptoms, causes and treatment Reviewed by Tpdsm on August 09, 2017 Rating: 5

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