Ovarian Cysts; types, symptoms, causes and treatment

Ovarian cyst is a sac of fluid that stays and  forms on or inside of the ovary.
I am talking  about cysts that form during your monthly menstrual cycle that called functional cysts. Which are not the same as cysts caused by cancer or other diseases.
During your menstrual cycle, a follicle grows on your ovary . Often an egg is released from this follicle (ovulation). If the follicle fails to break open and release an egg, the fluid stays in the follicle and forms a cyst.This is called a follicular cyst.
Corpus Luteum cyst is another type of cyst, occurs after an egg has been released from a follicle. and often contain a small amount of blood.
Ovarian cysts are somewhat common, and are more common during a woman's childbearing years (from puberty to menopause). The functional Ovarian cysts are less common after menopause. and are not  the same as ovarian tumors .
 Note that Taking fertility drugs can cause a condition called ovarian hyperstimulation , in which multiple large cysts are formed on the ovaries. These usually go away after a woman's period, or after a pregnancy.
Ovarian cysts often cause no symptoms. When symptoms occur, they are typically pain or a late period.
An ovarian cyst is more likely to cause pain if it:
·        Becomes large.
·        Bleeds.
·        Breaks open.
·        Is bumped during sexual intercourse.
·        Is twisted or causes twisting (torsion) of the Fallopian tube.
 Symptoms of ovarian cysts can include:
·        Bloating or swelling in the abdomen.
·        Pain during bowel movements and before or after beginning a menstrual period else.
·        Sudden and severe pelvic pain, often with nausea and vomiting, may be a sign of torsion or twisting of the ovary on its blood supply, or rupture of a cyst with internal bleeding.
·        Changes in menstrual periods, are more common with corpus luteum cysts  and  not common with follicular cysts .In some cysts Spotting or bleeding may occur.
 Exams and Tests:
Your health care provider may discover a cyst during a physical exam, or when you have an ultrasound test for another reason. Your doctor may want to check you again in 4 - 6 weeks to make sure it is gone.
Other imaging tests that may be done when needed include:
·        CT scan.
·        Doppler flow studies.
·        MRI.
The following blood tests may be needed :
·        Ca-125 test), to look for possible cancer in women who have reached menopause or who have an abnormal ultrasound.
·        Tests to level this  Hormones   (FSH), ( LH) and testosterone.
·        Serum HCG (pregnancy test).
Functional ovarian cysts disappear usually   within(  8 - 12 )weeks without treatment, so they usually don't need treatment.
Birth control pills (oral contraceptives) are  prescribed  for 4 - 6 weeks. Longer term use may reduce  the development of new ovarian cysts. As the pills do not reduce the size of current cysts, that  go away on their own.
A Surgery to remove the cyst or ovary may be applied  to make sure there are no cancer cells.
 Surgery is more likely to be needed for:
·        Complex ovarian cysts that don't go away. And that are causing symptoms .
·        Women who are menopausal or near menopause
·        Cysts that are  larger than 5 - 10 centimeters.
Types of surgery for ovarian cysts include:
·        Exploratory laparotomy.
·        Pelvic laparoscopy (to remove) the cyst or the ovary.
You can prevent them by taking hormone medications such as birth control pills, which prevent follicles from growing this is in case of needless to  get pregnant and often getting functional cysts.

Ovarian Cysts; types, symptoms, causes and treatment Reviewed by Tpdsm on August 09, 2017 Rating: 5

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