Backgrounds

َads

High blood pressure (HBP)


Overview:
Many people suffers from high blood pressure for many years without feeling any symptoms ,but high blood pressure may leads to heart attack or stroke , so we must measure it permanently.

Causes:
There is two types of high blood pressure:- 

1- Primary: It's the most common , Its causes in most conditions are unknown ,but it may be ,because bad diet ,insufficient sport , aging or inherited .

2- Secondary: It's less common than primary , its causes may be because:
- Kidney dysfunction.
- Problems in adrenal gland.
- inherited problems in heart.
- Due to some drugs such as contraception drugs, cold drugs.
- Some analgesic drugs such as cocaine .

Symptoms:
Its symptoms don't appear in most conditions , but if it's very high it leads to :
- Pain in head
- Headache
- Dizziness
- Bleeding from nose

Complications:
If the disease isn't treated , after period of time it may leads to:

- Pain in chest.
- damage in blood vessels.
- Heart attack.
- Stroke.
- Weak in concentration & memory.
- Weak in sight .

Diagnosis:
High blood pressure can be detected easily by sphygmomanometer. It's normal level 120/80 which means that systolic pressure is 120 mmHg, and diastolic is 80 mmHg. if it excess this level it leads to high blood pressure.

Self-management:
 you can treat yourself or reduce effects of disease by following the next tips:

- If you are smoker, you should stop smoking.
- Do a lot of exercise .
- Reduce eating of salts especially sodium salts.
- Increase eating of foods which contain potassium.
- Drink alcohols leads to high blood pressure , so you must stop alcohols.
- Stress also increase blood pressure , so try to be calm and relaxed.

Treatment:
- Drugs which are diuretic.
- Drugs which block beta-receptor.
- Drugs which regulate angiotensin enzymes.
- Blood vessels dilators.
- Rennin regulators.

Doctors also may advise you by aspirin to decease probability of stroke


High blood pressure (HBP) Reviewed by Tpdsm on August 09, 2017 Rating: 5

No comments:

Post a Comment

Social Share