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Hemorrhoids; Causes, symptoms and treatment

Overview:
Hemorrhoids are painful, swollen veins inside the anus or in  the lower portion of the rectum and anus.
 Causes:
This case is more common during pregnancy and after childbirth. Hemorrhoids result from increased pressure in the veins of the anus. The pressure causes the veins to bulge and expand, making them painful, particularly when you are sitting.
Straining during bowel movements is one of the most common causes of Hemorrhoids.  Hemorrhoids may result from constipation, sitting for long periods of time, and anal infections. In some cases they may be caused by other diseases, such as liver cirrhosis.
Internal hemorrhoids occur just inside the anus, at the beginning of the rectum. External hemorrhoids occur outside the anus and the anal opening area.
Symptoms:
Symptoms of hemorrhoids include:
·        Anal itching and Anal ache or pain, especially while sitting.
·        Bright red blood on toilet tissue, stool, or in the toilet bowl.
·        Pain during bowel movements  and one or more hard tender lumps near the anus.
Exams and Tests:
In a simple way by the examination of the rectal area.
If necessary, tests that may help diagnose the problem include:
·        Stool guaiac (shows the presence of blood).
·        Sigmoidoscopy.
·        Anoscopy.
Treatment:
Over-the-counter corticosteroid creams can reduce pain and swelling. Hemorrhoid creams with lidocaine can reduce pain. Witch hazel (applied with cotton swabs) can reduce itching.
Other steps for anal itching include:
·        Wear cotton undergarments.
·        Avoid toilet tissue with perfumes or colors.
·        Try not to scratch the area.
 Sitz baths can help you to feel better. Sit in warm water for 10 to 15 minutes. Stool softeners help reduce straining and constipation.
For cases that don't respond to home treatments, a surgeon or gastroenterologist can apply heat treatment, called infrared coagulation, to shrink internal hemorrhoids. This may help avoid surgery. Surgery is  generally used for patients with severe pain or bleeding which do not  respond to other therapy.
 Prevention:
Avoid straining during bowel movements. You can help prevent hemorrhoids by preventing constipation And  drinking  plenty of fluids, at least eight glasses per day. Eat a high-fiber diet of fruits, vegetables, all grain consider fiber supplements.
Hemorrhoids; Causes, symptoms and treatment Reviewed by Tpdsm on August 09, 2017 Rating: 5

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