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Facial Palsy; causes, symptoms and treatment

Overview:
Facial palsy is a case in which person cannot use the muscles in the face because of a damage or disorder of the nerve that controls movement of the muscles in the face.
This damage causes weakness and paralysis of these muscles.
Causes:
 Include:
- Damage to the seventh cranial (facial) nerve, that controls the movement of the muscles of the face.
- The  Swelling (inflammation) of this nerve in the area through the bones of the skull.
- A type of herpes infection called herpes zoster.
Other conditions include:
- Sarcoidosis 
- HIV infection 
- Lyme disease
- Middle ear infection.  
Symptoms:
 The symptoms almost appear in one side of face which feel stiff or pulled to one side .
Other symptoms involves:
- Twitching and weakness of the muscles in the face .
- Dry eye or mouth and hard to close one eye  .
- Difficulty eating and drinking and Drooling since the lack of control of the face muscles.
- Problems with making facial expressions .
-  Hyperacusis that is a loud sound in one ear .
Diagnosis and Tests:
- Diagnosis involves examination of the nerve that controls the muscles of face  by these tests
- Electromyography  (EMG)
 If you  have a worry  that  brain tumor is causing your symptoms you can do these tests :
1-CT scan of the head.
2- Magneticresonance imaging (MRI) of the head.
Treatment:
There are no needed treatment  but  medication can be prescribed  as
1- Corticosteroids to reduce swelling around the facial nerve.
2- Drugs that attack the virus that causes  facial palsy  .
Surgery to relieve pressure on the nerve is not prefered as it shows no benefit to people with Facial Palsy.

Facial Palsy; causes, symptoms and treatment Reviewed by Tpdsm on August 23, 2017 Rating: 5

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