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Avian Influenza - H5N1: causes, symptoms and treatment

Overview:
Avian influenza is a virus causes flu in birds and can mutate to infect humans having no immunity against it, this mutation could start a deadly worldwide epidemic.
Causes:
The first avian influenza virus to infect humans was linked to chickens and classified as avian influenza
 Common causes and high risk for avian influenza infection involve :
1-Farmers and other people working with poultry     .
2- Travelers visiting affected countries   .
3- Handling an infected bird    .
4-People who eat raw or undercooked poultry meat, eggs, or blood from these infected birds    .
 5-The avian flu virus (H5N1) can spread simply by touching contaminated surfaces       .
6- Birds can shed the virus in their feces and saliva for about 10 days even after recovering from H5N1 virus     .
7- Health care workers and household with direct contact of patient with avian influenza      .
Symptoms:
Symptoms involves the symptoms of common flu  and :
- Cough (dry or productive).
- Diarrhea.
- Difficulty breathing.
- Fever greater than 38°  .
- Headache.
- Malaise.
- Muscle aches.
- Runny nose.
- Sore throat.
Exams and Tests:
If you think you have been exposed to avian influenza, you should  perform an identifying test which is exist but not widely available, and if you having the virus the diagnosis strains of bird flu gives preliminary results with 4 hours
Your doctor may orm the following tests:
Auscultation(etect abnormal breath sounds).
Treatment:
The treatment may vary according to symptoms :                                        
1- The antiviral medications are applied to make the disease less severe. The medicine is taken after your symptoms start   .
 2- The person diagnosed with avian flu should be put in isolation    .
3- A vaccine to protect humans from the avian flu has been approved from Food and Drug administration and it is used when the H5N1 virus starts spreading between people    .
 Prevention :
 People who work with birds should use protective clothing and special breathing masks.
 Avoiding undercooked or uncooked meat   .

Avian Influenza - H5N1: causes, symptoms and treatment Reviewed by Tpdsm on August 25, 2017 Rating: 5

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